New York is often called New York City to distinguish it from the State of New York of which it is a part. It is the most populous city in the USA and one of the biggest urban agglomerations in the world.
It’s situated on one of the world’s largest natural harbors, and it has five boroughs: Brooklyn, Queens, Manhattan, the Bronx and Staten Island. As many as 800 languages are spoken in New York, making it the most linguistically diverse city in the world.
It has been the country’s largest city since 1790. Many districts and landmarks in New York City have become well known and the city received a record 56 milllion tourists in 2014. Several sources have ranked New York the most photographed city in the world. Times Square, iconic as the world’s “heart” and it’s “Crossroads”, is the brightly iluminated hub of the Broadway Theater District.
New York has some of the most popular universities and special purpose institutions around the world, like Columbia University and The Juilliard School.
Giovanni da Verrazzano was the first European who visited this area, and with him, the history of New York started in 1524. Before the modern city of New York, Lenope people inhabited that area.
Wikipedia Contributors, ‘History of New York City – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia’. [Online]. Available: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_New_York_City. [Accessed: 11-Jan-2016].