Emperor Vespasian, founder of the Flavian Dynasty, started the construction of the Colosseum in 72 AD. It was completed in 80 AD, the year after Vespasian’s death.
The elliptical building is immense, measuring 188m by 156m and reaching a height of more than 48 meters. The magnificent structure was clad in marble and 160 larger-than-life statues graced the arches on the upper floors. The Colosseum is located just East of the Roman Forum and was built to a practical design, with its 80 arched entrances allowing easy access to 55,000 spectators, who were seated according to rank.
Gladiators were usually slaves, prisoners of war or condemned criminals. Most of them were men, but there were a few female gladiators. As gladiators fought, vicious cries and curses were heard from the audience around the Roman Colosseum. When one gladiator was loser in the battle, the Cesar decided him to die or live.
Now the Colosseum is visited by milions of person in the world not to kill gladiators, it is a historic monument.